EIA:美国天然气产量及需求今明两年将下降

发表时间:2020.07.13 浏览:

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中国石化新闻网讯 据能源世界网7月8日报道,美国能源信息署(EIA)周二在其《短期能源展望》(STEO)中表示,由于政府采取措施减缓疫情的传播,降低了经济活动和能源价格,美国2020年和2021年的天然气产量和需求将从去年的历史高点下降。

    EIA预计,干气产量将从2019年的最高纪录922.1亿立方英尺下降到2020年的892.4亿立方英尺/天,2021年842.3亿立方英尺/天。

    其还预计天然气日消耗量将从2019年的创纪录的849.7 亿立方英尺下降到2020年的823.5亿立方英尺和2021年的786.2亿立方英尺。

    这将是2017年以来消费量首次出现年度下降,也是自2006年以来需求首次连续两年下降。

    EIA对2020年7月的天然气供应预测低于其6月的预测896.5亿立方英尺,而其最新的2020年需求前景高于其6月的预测818.7 亿立方英尺。

    该机构预测,美国液化天然气出口量将在2020年达到53.5 亿立方英尺/天,到2021年将达到72.8亿立方英尺/天,高于2019年创纪录的49.8亿立方英尺/天。低于其6月的预测,2020年为57亿立方英尺/天,2021年为73.1亿立方英尺/天。

    郝芬 译自 能源世界网

    原文如下:

    US natgas output, demand to fall in 2020, 2021 due to coronavirus

    US natural gas production and demand will drop in 2020 and 2021 from record highs last year as government steps to slow the spread of coronavirus cut economic activity and energy prices, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) said in its Short Term Energy Outlook (STEO) on Tuesday.

    The EIA projected dry gas production will drop to 89.24 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd) in 2020 and 84.23 bcfd in 2021 from the all-time high of 92.21 bcfd in 2019.

    It also projected gas consumption would fall to 82.35 bcfd in 2020 and 78.62 bcfd in 2021, from a record 84.97 bcfd in 2019.

    That would be the first annual decline in consumption since 2017 and the first time demand falls for two consecutive years since 2006.

    The EIA's gas supply projection for 2020 in July was lower than its June forecast of 89.65 bcfd, while its latest demand outlook for 2020 was higher than its June forecast of 81.87 bcfd.

    The agency forecast US liquefied natural gas exports would reach 5.35 bcfd in 2020 and 7.28 bcfd in 2021, up from a record 4.98 bcfd in 2019. That is lower than its June forecasts of 5.70 bcfd in 2020 and 7.31 bcfd in 2021.

    US coal production is expected to fall 29 per cent to 501 million short tons in 2020, which would be its lowest since 1967, before rising to 536 million short tons in 2021 when power plants are expected to burn more coal due to a forecast increase in gas prices, EIA said.

    It projected carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels will fall to 4.507 billion tonnes in 2020, the lowest since 1983, from 5.130 billion tonnes in 2019, the lowest since 1992, before rising to 4.775 billion tonnes in 2021 as coal use increases.

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